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Cyber Security: Tips for Broadcasters

Cyber Security: Tips for Broadcasters

While the digital era has brought significant advances in technology, it has also opened the doorway to continuously evolving threats in the media and broadcast industry. Over 30% of media and broadcasting companies admit that they have experienced a cyber-attack of some kind or the other.

In 2015, five unreleased Sony Pictures’ movies – Annie, Fury, Still Alice, Mr. Turner and To Write Love on Her Arms –made their way onto torrent file-sharing websites. French broadcaster TV5Monde’s TV channels and social media accounts were hacked by a nation-state hacker in January 2015, costing the TV station millions of Euros.

In October 2016, Internet infrastructure company Dyn was hacked, affecting broadcast companies like CNN, HBO, Amazon, Yelp, and the Wall Street Journal.

Recently, in 2017, an anonymous hacker leaked some of the scripts and unaired episodes of Game of Thrones’ seventh season from HBO. The email from the hacker claimed a leak 1.5 terabyte of raw data from HBO.

Vulnerabilities and threats

The common security vulnerabilities and threats faced by the media and broadcast companies are as follows:

  • Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS): This attack occurs when multiple systems flood the bandwidth of the targeted system with traffic
  • Signal piracy: World Intellectual Protocol Organization (WIPO) internet treaties that would outlaw the breaking of anti-piracy locks on digital signals such as encryption and ‘tagging.’
  • The Cloud: The threat of data breaches and compromised credentials and account hijacking are some of the major threats to data on the cloud
  • Connected Devices (TV): More and more IoT enabled devices are setting up paths for ways to launch cyber attacks
  • Data leakage: the collection and monetization of an online publisher’s audience data by a third party without the publisher’s permission
  • Vendor System Vulnerabilities: Maintaining security standards across multiple vendors across the media value chain is difficult to achieve
  • Malware Attacks: (Malicious software) or a program code designed to harm a computer or its data
  • Ransomware Attacks: A form of malware in which the user’s computer files are encrypted. A ransom is demanded to restore the system or device to normal use
  • Piracy: Broadcasters can think of simultaneous global broadcasting as a solution to tackle TV piracy.

How to avoid cyber-attacks?

  • Monitor the social media accounts of the hacktivist campaigns that are relevant to your industry
  • Proactively monitor for credential dumps relevant to your organization’s account
  • Monitor for the latest IE and Flash vulnerabilities and ensure your site is patched
  • Understand which ransomware variants are targeting your industry, which delivery methods are most popular, and the CVEs the hackers target
  • Monitor for the registration of typo-squatted domains
Blockchain And Its Impact On Media Industry

Blockchain And Its Impact On Media Industry

As we move towards digitalization, the world of media has also changed significantly. Different roles have been established along the media value chain. For example, artists and authors have become the primary creators of content, while platform providers and aggregators of content are donning the hats of royalty collecting body.

Blockchain technology can disrupt the industry structure further by bypassing content aggregators, platform providers, and royalty collection associations, thereby shifting the market power to copyright owners.

Derived from the Bitcoin, blockchain is ‘a distributed database that maintains a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, secured from tampering and revision. Sealed in the chain, blocks can no longer be changed -preventing further deletion, edition, or replication, thus making it true digital assets.

This technology has the potential to resolve some of the current challenges prevalent in broadcast and media industry with ease. Listed below are some ways in which blockchain can benefit media.

Boost Revenue

Blockchain technology can generate revenues for fragmented content like news, blogs, and photos with micropayment-based pricing models. With targeted media usage that can be directly linked to respective content, budget allocation for advertising and marketing also becomes more targeted.

Centralized Payment

While the technology is still in its nascent stage, revenue distribution can be automated based on predefined smart contracts, thereby making payment transactions cheap and centralized. This can potentially reset pricing, advertising, revenue sharing, and royalty payment processes.

Protecting IP Rights

While digitization has altered content production and distribution, protecting the intellectual property of the content remains a major concern of the industry. Though several brands are charging to access digital content, consumers are looking for similar content elsewhere for free. Blockchain technology connects these brands directly to consumers who compensate them accordingly (and securely) for access to digital content

Ensure Authenticity

Blockchain records the history of every transaction. Therefore, it can be used as a potential application to ensure authenticity and transparency. Social media influencers, authors, videographers, and photographers can use blockchains for provenance and attribution.