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Six Steps For Restoring Your Old Films

Six Steps For Restoring Your Old Films

Did you know that 50% of all full-length features produced before 1950 have vanished? Fewer than 20% of features from the 1920s survive in complete form; survival rates of 1910s is <10%?[i]

While more than 90% of the world cinema produced before 1929 can no more be restored and are lost forever, the major players – from restoration agencies to film production houses – are trying to revive old classics digitally.

Film restoration is an archaeological expedition for curators. Apart from factors like dust, scratches, film grains, shrinkage, and color fade, heritage films are also at-risk due to climate conditions, lack of training in film preservation, and sometimes, unstable political conditions.

Film restoration is crucial for the preservation of films, especially those whose original elements have substantially deteriorated. The critical steps of restoring a film are as follows:

  1. Film identification: Film restoration is a costly and labor-intensive process, sometimes consuming more than 1,000 staff-hours to repair a film. Therefore, it is essential to identify the films that need to be restored.
  2. Film treatment and repair: Curators clean the films using chemicals, cleaning machines. Further, they use splicing tape, film cement, or ultrasonic splicers to repair perforations and tear on a film before using it on projectors, printers, and other sprocket-driven film equipment.
  3. Digitization/ Scanning: Curators scan each frame into a digital file before proceeding with restoration. The back-up copy replicates the video and audio content of the film and ensures the copy can be used in the future to create subsequent viewing copies.
  4. Film comparison: Before proceeding with the restoration, curators compare all the known surviving source materials to ensure the chosen version is the best available version for restoration.
  5. Digital restoration: A widely used restoration format today, the films are restored using digital or hybrid techniques, and the output can be in film or digital form. Digital restoration also incorporates the following:
    • Comparing each frame to its adjacent frames
    • Fixing the frame alignment
    • Restore areas blocked by dirt and dust by using parts of images in other frames
    • Restore scratches by using parts of images in different frames
    • Reducing film grain noise
    • Restoring sound
    • Correcting flickering, lighting, and color changes, even minimal, from one frame to another due to the aging of the film
  1. Digital asset management: It is essential to create a set of database records with metadata and other relevant information that allows end users to identify, locate, and retrieve a film from the archive.

 

From documentaries to fictional narratives, newsreels, industrial films, home movies, political ads, and travelogues, films are a witness of the past. By restoring these works, we can illuminate our heritage with the power and immediacy unique to film. To know more about film restoration, read:

 

[i] http://besser.tsoa.nyu.edu/howard/Talks/cineteca-mexicana.pdf
Key considerations for digitizing hospital records

Key considerations for digitizing hospital records

With the ever-growing population leading to an increasing number of patients every day, hospital staff and doctors find it difficult to maintain medical records on paper. The traditional system of keeping records is not only cumbersome but also has other challenges like:

  • Slow: With information being exchanged mainly through calls, fax, or mail, the process of information transfer is prolonged, leading to loss of time, sometimes life for critical patients.
  • Lack of unified view: Patient information is scattered across departments like doctor, lab, pharmacy, and hospital, making it difficult to access across departments and doctors. Hence, often doctors and hospitals missed out on relevant information like drug allergies.
  • Storage: With a paper-based system, storing all the data is a challenge both in terms of space and cost. Moreover, patients need to carry a physical copy of reports, prescriptions, and their medical history, which is not feasible in case of emergencies.

Thanks to technological advancement, hospitals, and doctors are resorting to maintaining records electronically, which can be accessed both by doctors and patients across any device anytime.

Medical record management involves maintaining all records of a patient throughout their lifecycle from creation, receipt, maintenance, and use to disposal. Medical records include a patient’s history, clinical findings, diagnostic test results, pre- and postoperative care, patient progress, and medications.

While the benefits of maintaining medical records electronically are many, we have listed some of them below:

  • Access and storage: Storing documents is cumbersome, both in terms of space and sorting. Electronic medical records not only save space but also makes sorting and search easy with tags and meta tags.
  • Cost saving: Setting up the system is costly and involve resources. However, once set up, hospitals and health professionals will need less support to manage, less security to protect, and less space to save – contributing to cost saving.
  • Security: Electronic documents are backed up onto multiple systems. Hence the loss of a document is not irreversible like paper documents. Moreover, the files are encrypted, and security access can be set to prevent unauthorized access, making the records more secure.

While it is convenient to maintain health records electronically, doctors and hospitals should consider the following[1] while transferring from paper-based reports to electronic reports:

  • Which historical patient information should be available for patient visits during and after the transition?
  • What are the best methods of converting this information to the EHR?
  • What is the best way to ensure that the converted data and information is of sufficient quality?
  • How long should the paper record be available after the conversion?
  • How long do paper records need to be kept after the transition to the EHR?
  • What is the role of printing and should it be allowed during the transition?

How to convert the data?

While there are multiple methods to convert data, cost and patient safety must be considered while choosing the mode of data entry. For example, drug allergies should be entered manually and not scanned, as scanned documents cannot be cross-referenced.

Depending on the cost, timeframe, type of data, and availability of resources, hospitals and clinics can resort to the following methods to convert the data:

Direct data entry: Items such as allergies, medications, and symptoms are loaded into predetermined data fields, which staffs well-versed in medical terminology enter into the system to ensure minimal error.

Backloading from other systems: Depending on the patient population, available historical information electronically, and final version of the patient information available, transcribed noted can be backloaded into the system.

Document imaging: Although a labor-intensive and expensive process, document imaging is necessary for reports and scans.

EMR in India

While most of the developed countries have already opted for EMR, some challenges for a country with a population like India remain. While most corporate hospitals have already started maintaining EMR, there is a rare exchange of EMRs between the hospitals. Considering most of the population is not technologically advanced and belong to rural areas, India needs a comprehensive EMR system that is easy-to-learn and user-friendly.

[1] http://library.ahima.org/doc?oid=103171#.XC9M71wzbIW

Five factors that damage audio tapes

Five factors that damage audio tapes

Cassette tapes were first produced at a mass scale in the early 1960s and became popular in the 1980s. Long before DVDs and cloud storage became popular, audio tapes and reels were used to record information. Magnetic tapes have a lifespan between 10 – 30 years and has been used to record and store sound, numeric and textual information, motion, and still images. While magnetic media adds on to the kind of artifacts, we can use to capture and store, their transience and degradability have been a concern for archivists and librarians.

To understand the reason for the degradation of audio tapes/reels, we need to delve into the components that form these tapes. Tapes have three parts – a magnetic layer, binder, and backing – all of which are potential sources of failure.

  1. The magnetic layer has a magnetic pigment suspended within a polymer binder.
  2. The binder holds the magnetic particles together and helps in recording and storing the magnetic signals written to it.
  3. The backing film supports the magnetic recording layer, which is very thin and cannot be a stand-alone layer.

All these components are susceptible to damage in the following ways:

Instabilities in the magnetic particle (top layer): If there is any change in the magnetic properties of the pigment that stores the recorded information, the recorded signals are irretrievable. The magnetic particle can become unstable due to demagnetization by an external factor like a hand-held metal detector, or suffer normal wear and tear.

Loss of lubricant in the binder: Lubricants reduce the friction of the magnetic top coat of the tape, reducing tape wear. With time, the level of lubricant decreases due to normal wear and tear, frequent consumption, degradation, and evaporation.

Substrate deformation (backing film): Polyester that is used as a substrate backing is chemically stable. However, excessive tape pack stresses, aging, and poor wind quality can cause deformation of the polyester in the substrate, thereby distorting the tapes.

Various factors result in the damage of audio tapes and reels. We have listed five of them below:

  1. Temperature and humidity: High temperatures and humidity can decrease magnetic capability, deteriorate the binder or backing of the magnetic tape, resulting in loss of readable data. Ideally, tapes should be stored at a temperature between 0° C – 23° C and in places with less than 70% humidity to prevent fungal growth and degradation.
  2. Frequent access: Frequent access reduce the life expectancy of tapes due to wear and tear. The more tape is handled, the more it is contaminated with fingerprints and debris, which reduces its life considerably.
  3. Exposure to the strong magnetic field: Strong magnetic fields like luggage screeners in airports, X-ray scanners, and metal detectors – both hand-held and walk-through – can erase information from audio tapes and reels, which uses magnetic particle to store data.
  4. Dust and debris: Dust, tape debris, and smoke particles can affect the tape when it is being played, resulting in loss of signal, and subsequently damaging the tape.
  5. Corrosive gases: Magnetic tapes are susceptible to airborne sulfides, ozone, and nitrous oxides. Bare metal particle (MP) and metal evaporated (ME) tapes, which are contained in cassettes, are affected by corrosive gases.

While storage options are aplenty now, audio tapes and reels are still of sentimental and historical value to librarians, archivists, and old people. While audio reels will degrade with time, some ways in which the decay can be contained are:

  1. Using and storing magnetic tape reels and cassettes in a clean environment.
  2. Avoiding contamination of the tapes by dirt, dust, fingerprints, food, cigarette smoke and ash, and airborne pollutants.
  3. Keeping the tapes away from strong sunlight and water.
  4. Not storing tapes near electronic or magnetic fields.
  5. Ensuring the reels are not laid flat for long periods while storing.

Having said all of that, it is best to create a back-up and copy of the information in modern formats to ensure there is no information lost.

The Future of the OB Truck

The Future of the OB Truck

Are OB trucks too expensive to survive in a world that is moving toward digital news delivery and mobile, small-screen news consumption? As Broadcasters shift to 4K UHD live broadcasting and adopt IP for experimenting with more immersive consumer-facing formats, does this pronounce the death of the OB trucks?

With the live production scenario evolving every day, many believe IP production and broadcast will phase out OB trucks in the future. Adam Cox[1] lists the cost of cabling, equipment, and production, scalability, and emergence of the 4K camera as some reasons why IP will overpower OB trucks.

But are these challenges so empowering? Let’s explore.

Outside broadcasting is broadcasting live from the event using make-shift studio equipment like a camera linked to a van to transmit the signals back to the network center. Typically, broadcasters station huge OB trucks spanning more than 10 meters on-site, having production, engineering, and sound units to cover events live from the place of occurrence.

However, with broadcasters experimenting on formats and tools, as reporting live on social media like Facebook and Instagram gains popularity, will OB trucks cease to exist? While we look for the answer, let us explore the challenges that the OB trucks face in present times and the alternatives:

The changing face of content consumption

As social media, IPTV, and OTT have evolved as a primary means of content consumption, the definition of experience has changed. Now better experience does not mean a bigger TV on the wall, but a connected device which enables users to watch their preferred content across devices as per their convenience.

This new connected world has blurred the need of having a separate facility and technology for a new form of content – be it a studio, OB truck, or a broadcast center. As a mobile camera replaces high-end cameras and live TV replaces broadcast, the technology, and facilities that primarily defined the boundaries of SDI are blurred.

Result? On-the-go/live content creation is no longer solely dependent on having OB trucks on site.

Remote production

The way broadcasters consume content has changed drastically. Multiple onsite cameras capture events and feed into the central hub of assets, from which the stakeholders can pick and choose content to suit their requirement. Content is a shared asset, and no longer has a definite start and end.

While OB trucks remain at the front line of covering live events, connectivity-focused tools promote collaboration between broadcasters. Hence, although remote productions become more popular, mobile units (or OB trucks) will be broadcaster-specific than event-specific.

New content formats

With the popularity of IP TV, content providers are now focusing on providing an immersive experience. As VR content and 360-degree videos gain popularity, OB trucks need to evolve to facilitate the production of these formats.

Moreover, with contents being consumed across platforms, OB trucks (or any production units) need to cater to the demand of content in varied formats. As production units use artificial intelligence for post-production, OB trucks need to rise from being a mere technical production facility to producing OTT and IPTV-native content.

Will mobile journalism sunset OB trucks?

Legacy broadcasters like BBC and CNN are experimenting with online video news to reach younger audiences in this changing environment. Digital players like NowThis and BuzzFeed are focusing on building an audience for platforms like Facebook and YouTube. Recently, NDTV 24X7 shot their stories on a Samsung Galaxy S8 smartphone.

Newscasters have started reporting live from the venue using applications like Skype, Hangout, Google’s Duo, etc. Mobile phone cameras are replacing DSLRs to capture superior quality images and videos to be telecasted directly.

The future

While many might argue that mobile journalism essentially does the job of OB tasks – report live from ground zero, OB trucks has much more to offer than what mobile will ever do. With its advanced facilities allowing for editing on-the-go, switch between multiple cameras, and advanced graphics among others, OB trucks have the potential to deliver high-quality broadcast live.

OB trucks are here to stay. However, to be future-ready, broadcasters need to ramp up the technology to support 4K and 8K broadcast across multiple platforms. With the Internet of Things, OB trucks need to be more integrated and advanced to deliver a world-class experience to the viewers, irrespective of the platform they choose to watch.

[1] http://hometownnetworks.tv/future-of-outside-broadcasting-ob-vans/

Six Ways Broadcasters & Media Organizations are Leveraging Big Data Analytics

Six Ways Broadcasters & Media Organizations are Leveraging Big Data Analytics

Have you ever wondered what led Netflix to invest around $50 million for each season of the ‘House of Cards?’ Or how Chennai Express broke the Box Office collection record in 2013? The answer to all these is advanced data analytics.

The media industry is increasingly leveraging analytics to predict audience sentiment, woo the new audience, and retain the existing audience. Be it OTT media service providers like Netflix or Amazon prime, or the film and music industry; marketers are using advanced analytics and machine learning to generate a pull for their content.

As technology, social media, and analytics become available to the media industry to leverage the power on the Internet; we look at six ways in which media and entertainment industry is using the power of analytics:

Generating targeted content

Data-driven decisions are the future of media and entertainment industry. With the huge amount of data available for analysis to draw inferences, predict customer preference, and decide on what will work – the industry is no more dependent on intuition to make a series or a film work. For example, Netflix claimed that while they invested on the series House of Cards, they already knew it would be a hit – thanks to the viewership data that helped them analysis viewers’ habits over many millions of show views.

Optimizing scheduling of content

Big data gives the power to media houses to collect data from diverse sources and understand customer preference – be it the type of content, the time, or the device used. Using advanced analytics, they can then optimize the scheduling of content. For example, on a local holiday, broadcasters can stream popular movies, or more home-oriented content during afternoons.

Optimized scheduling is not only limited to general analysis, but a more detailed prediction based on browsing history, weather conditions, or time of the day.

Relevant recommendations

Considering the massive amount of data that the media and entertainment companies generate daily, analyzing it to gain insights into the popular genres or preferred time is not an easy task. However, if appropriately interpreted with a good recommendation engine, the data can increase user engagement manifold by providing an effective recommendation.

Media and entertainment companies are increasingly using machine learning and advanced analytics tools to analyze viewership data in real-time and provide relevant recommendations to the audience.

Targeted advertising

Thanks to big data, analysts have a better understanding of the consumption behavior across multiple platforms. With advanced segmentation and complete customer views, companies can micro segment customer to personalize ads. Targeted ads will ensure that the right people view the right ads, increasing the click-through rate, thereby increasing conversion rates and ROI.

Retaining and wooing viewers

Data gives insight into why viewers subscribe or unsubscribe to a channel. Media and entertainment companies can use the viewership data to device the best product and promotional strategies to attract new viewership and prevent churn of existing viewers.

Finding newer sources of revenue

Considering the ever-changing equation of customer preference and new technology, it is essential for media and entertainment companies to explore new sources of income continually. Advanced analytics can help companies do that – identify additional sources of revenue apart from advertising or partnerships. For example, companies can create a proprietary platform using their exclusive data and earn revenue from advanced advertising.

While the media and broadcast industry has always primarily relied on data in the form of ratings, viewership, TRPs, etc. to measure success, advanced analytics has taken it a step further. By analyzing real-time data from multiple sources, predictive analytics is now not only helping them measure success but also strategize future.

How Cultural Institutions are Leveraging Photo Archiving

How Cultural Institutions are Leveraging Photo Archiving

Museums and cultural institutions play a valuable role in preserving the rich cultural heritage of our planet.  By recording the history of different era and communities, such institutions help us understand our history, deepening our knowledge and respect for various cultures and traditions.

However, with time, the ways of accessing the history is changing. G. Wayne Clough, the author of Best of Both Worlds, says, “Today digital technology is pervasive. It is mandatory that museums, libraries, and archives join with educational institutions in embracing it.”

To keep with this trend, photo archiving has been a prime focus of many cultural institutions. Some forerunners in this space are:

Pharos

Pharos, the “International Consortium of Photo Archives” – a joint effort of 14 institutions like the Getty and the Frick, the National Gallery of Art, the Yale Center for British Art, Rome’s Bibliotheca Hertziana, and the Courtauld Institute among others will host 25 million images – 17 million artworks and 8 million supplemental material. The Consortium aims to have 7 million images online by 2020.

Primarily aimed at scholars, Pharos uploads a work’s provenance, attribution, exhibition, conservation, and bibliographic histories. The Consortium currently has more than 100,000 images and 60,000 artworks of early Christian art from the National Gallery, classical and Byzantine art and mosaics from the Frick, statuary from the Bibliotheca Hertziana, and photographs of Roman pottery among other collectibles.

Smithsonian Design Museum

Cooper Hewitt, popularly known as the Smithsonian Design Museum has embarked on an ambitious digitization project where they have digitized more than 92 percent of the 3000-year-old museum collection.

Durham Museum

The photo archive of the Durham Museum in Nebraska documents the history of Omaha in more than 1 million images from the 1860s. Dedicated to the long-term storage of photographs to preserve a part of the past, the photos document moments like Presidents on parade, streetcars, storefronts, and images from the early days of the city.

Oslo City Museum

The Oslo City Museum, with over 2 million objects, has started archiving photos to preserve the lifestyle, history, and development of the city in time. More than 100,000 photos have already been digitized in the museum’s system.

Norwegian Labour Movement Archives and Library

Four special groups are working together to organize the collection of Norwegian Labor Movement Archives and Library, which comprises of 1,500,000 items about Oslo History in general aspect and narrative about labor history.

Google

Google has a similar project – Google Art Project – which lets users’ virtually tour 17 of the world’s major institutions like Ufizzi, New York Met, and Tate among others.

Benefits of photo archiving

While the benefits of archiving history are many, here is a list of the four prominent benefits:

  1. Reachability: With photo archiving, learning about history and culture is no more only restricted to museum booklets or guided tours. With web-based virtual walk-through and videos, museums and cultural institutions can reach out to a broader audience base.
  2. Multiple revenue sources: Photo archiving has opened new revenue sources for cultural institutions. Many museums have websites selling online tickets, replicas of artifacts, historical DVDs, and 3D immersive trips to let the audience experience history from the comfort of home.
  3. Long-term preservation of cultural heritage: Physical copies of photos and artifacts are subject to wear-and-tear and natural calamities. Digitization has made preservation of history easier and more accessible.
  4. Ease of research: Photo archiving has made researching on an era or finding the right image for a project easier. For example, Pharos, the Consortium of Photo Archives has made millions of photos accessible to the artists and researchers in a click, saving time and energy.

With digitization, consumers have easy access to media and information through connected devices, making sharing more accessible and faster. Hence, more cultural institutions are trying to expand their horizon to reach out to new audiences and digitize their collection for long-term preservation.

Top 4 Challenges Faced by OTT Players in India

Top 4 Challenges Faced by OTT Players in India

McKinsey [1]reports that globally about 2.5 billion less-than-25-years-old digital customers spend 315 minutes daily on an average online. Keeping up with the trend, OTT subscribers in India is also witnessing a growing trend. According to a report by Ernst & Young[2], India had 250 million video consumers in 2017, of which 190 million were aged between 15 – 34.

Low-cost smartphones coupled with fall in data tariffs and increased internet speed will continue to drive greater demand for online content across India.  EY estimates that with the evolving OTT service consumption of the Indian audience video consumption can reach 500 million by 2020.

However, these opportunities have also thrown some strategic challenges to the OTT service providers in India. We list below four such challenges that the OTT providers need to address to succeed in the game:

Monetization

Reports [3]predict that the Indian digital advertising market will grow by 30 percent Y-o-Y to ₹120 billion in 2018, of which approximately ₹18 billion will be spent on the video. Despite the growth of online advertising, it comprises only about a fifth of TV advertising.

OTT players are exploring various revenue models – advertising, subscriptions, and freemium to achieve profitability. With the decrease in profitability from 90% to 40% despite the increase in advertising spends, OTT players need to provide a personalized quality viewing experience on a robust technology platform to ensure monetization.

Relevant content

With traditional TV, the audience paid a fixed amount for a choice of 200+ channels across genres, languages, and domains. As the paradigm shifts to ‘pay-for-what-you-watch,’ generating relevant content that will grab the audience attention and continue to get them hooked is a challenge. With the millennial getting into the habit of binge-watching, many often complain that after their favorite shows are over, not much is left to watch.

For OTT players in India, the fact that ‘content is king’ is now truer than ever. Though global players like Netflix are streaming global content, the need for quality regional content drives the viewership and subscriber rate.

Moreover, with a variety of content to choose from, OTT players are challenged to provide a personalized experience to the audience. Services need to improve content discovery and mapping functionalities to suggest content based on the viewer’s preference.

Video quality

For OTT services to rival broadcast television, they need to provide optimal viewing experience to the consumers without jitters or buffers. However, the current broadband infrastructure of India does not allow for that seamless experience everywhere. With the lower than average Internet speed, buffering does cost the OTT players almost a quarter of their audience.

OTT players are collaborating with telcos to bundle their entertainment offerings with 4G services to address this challenge.

Privacy & licensing

Streaming of live TV channels contributes to a bulk of traffic for the Indian OTT players. Live streaming also exposes them to privacy issues. With the growth of broadband, it is becoming increasingly difficult for OTT players to track piracy and illegal streaming.

Moreover, complex IP protocols, royalty definition, character rights, geographical restrictions, and platform diversity are not only impacting their revenue but also exposing them to copyright infringement risks.

OTT players are here to stay and grow in the coming years. Content and user experience will be the key for wider adoption of the service. For monetization the value needs to be shown with respect to viewer numbers for the advertisers.

[1] https://www.forgeahead.io/blogs/the-top-threats-and-opportunities-affecting-ott-today/

[2] https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/trends/entertainment/the-rise-of-ott-players-streaming-platforms-and-the-threat-to-the-box-office-2688531.html 

[3]https://brandequity.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/digital/digital-advertising-market-to-grow-30-in-2018-report/64014990

7 Document Management Trends to Watch Out For

7 Document Management Trends to Watch Out For

Businesses world over are undergoing a digital transformation and organizations are investing in tools, technology and processes to go paperless by converting their documents to digital formats. These documents may be forms, invoices, letters books, journals, photos, maps, manuscripts, office records or other printed materials.

Apart from being eco-friendly, the benefits of going digital are many, ranging from instant access, distribution and longevity to reduced cost of storage and more. As the world goes digital, let us look at some of the key document management trends that are shaping in the future:

Cloud-Based Document Management

With cloud storage being around for quite some years now, the initial hesitation has given way to adoption. The ease of accessibility and scalability has fueled the adoption of cloud storage for document management. Cloud storage ensures availability of documents on the go – without the need of being within a closed network.

Social Integration

Digital record managers are integrating social media technology into document management, making collaboration, storage, organization, and revision of the files a seamless task. Integration with social media also has the advantage of sharing documents in varied formats across various platforms for a wide range of audience.

Artificial Intelligence

With artificial intelligence gaining popularity, document management will witness new search capabilities in the coming year. AI will make search simpler with the right keywords and voice search, allowing professionals to focus on their work rather than spending time searching for the documents that they need.

Robotic Process Automation

Robotic process automation is gradually gaining popularity to avoid mundane tasks and focus on tasks that create value. In the coming years, software “robots” will automate labor-intensive repetitive activities that are prone to errors. RPA will see more adoption for document sorting, classification, automating routine operations, and integrating unstructured data like emails, forms, photos, and files.

Mobile Access

With the changing structure of the workplace environment, as more employees are working remotely, accessibility of documents from a wide variety of devices has become a necessity. As the world becomes a global village, workers need to be able to access the documents from devices including smartphones and tablets and work on them efficiently.

As mobile usage continues to grow, document accessibility is not the only requirement for the professionals who are always on-the-go, document management software also needs to be user-friendly to provide a seamless experience.

Collaboration

As geographical boundaries deem to exist, professionals are no longer dependent on face-to-face interaction. While working on emails already exists, it can be cumbersome and confusing. Collaboration and project management tools has been around and it is now becoming a part of mainstream platforms, which will make document management easier.

Coming years will see document managers collaborating online within a single social space in real-time which will make working on and managing multiple projects faster irrespective of the geographical location of the professionals.

Scalable Solutions

Scalability is a necessary criterion to keep up with the growing volume of documents. Modern Document Management Solutions will not only have the capability to let employees collaborate and edit on a single platform but will also enable the clients to scale up with the growing number of users, storage requirement, multiple locations or the volume of documents. Cloud based solutions will have an edge as they’d be able to offer pay-per-user or pay-as-per-storage pricing models.

Cloud computing, collaboration, and the proliferation of mobile devices are making lives easier for document management professionals. Coming years will continue to see the growth and mass adoption of technology giving birth to integrated, user-friendly solutions, blurring the physical space issues.

5 Classics Films Restored for the Digital Age

5 Classics Films Restored for the Digital Age

Movies made with photosensitive films and analog cameras until the 1990s had great details, but was also susceptible to dirt, temperature changes, and rough handling. As classics and old movies fall prey to the effects of time, content producers are digitizing to restore them.

With easy access to video on demand anytime anywhere, film producers and archives are leaving no stone un-turned to make the classics available to the viewers. While the film makers are setting new aesthetic standards with high quality and clarity of 4K resolution for restoring oldies, it comes at a time when watching movies on smartphones is more popular than DVDs or Blu-rays.

However, film restoration isn’t as simple as scanning the original 35mm film to produce a new version. It involves multiple steps like manual and automatic cleaning of the film to remove dust, scratches and other signs of aging, enhancing colors, sound and editing into single segment and adding special effects if necessary.

As the efforts are underway across the world to re-master and preserve classic films, we look at Hollywood’s past to list some of the best digitally remastered classics.

  1. Casablanca
Casablanca_MG_Blog
Credit: Google Images

With the Blu-ray 4K restoration, released in May 2017 to mark the 75th anniversary of the film release, the 1942 classic Casablanca never looked better. The scan restores the most dynamic and richest image and sounds possible, making the hard work behind the restoration job evident.  The film have been earlier restored twice for its 50th and 60th anniversary.

Casablanca, the winner of three Academy Awards, is a story of a romantic triangle between Victor Laszlo (Paul Henreid), his wife Ilsa (Ingrid Bergman) and her ex-lover Rick Blaine (Humphrey Bogart).

  1. North by Northwest
MG_BLOG_north_northwest
Credit: Google Images

To mark the 50th anniversary of Alfred Hitchcock’s sleek masterwork, Warner Home Video restored ‘North by Northwest’ in 1080p from original VistaVision and made it available on Blu-ray and DVD. Each frame was painstakingly transferred into the digital domain at 8k for the restoration, revealing a depth of field and clarity that was unimaginable before, thereby heightening the thrill of the classic.

  1. Dr. No
MG_Blog_DR.No
Credit: Google Images

The 1962 adventure of James Bond – his first adventure to be precise – is given a new life (and look) by the Lowry Digital. With a fresh 4K scan and clean-up, the remastered film in Blu-ray looks amazing with bright, clear picture, and sharp resolution.

  1. Gone with the Wind 
Gone with wind_MG_Blog
Credit: Google Images

The new 8K scan of the 1939 Civil War epic based on Margaret Mitchell’s novel has cleared the dirt and age defects away from the classic. Although the image is soft at times, details shine through. According to the critics, this edition is the best the film has looked to date, and that includes the theatrical release.

  1. Sleeping Beauty 
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Credit: Google Images

Restored from the original 2.55:1 negative, the 50th edition of Sleeping Beauty is a beautiful rendition. The original soundtracks were converted from Berlin Symphony Orchestra to DTS-HD Master Audio 7.1 soundtrack. Both the picture and sound quality are superb, making the edition better than the original version.

Some other classics that have been digitally restored are The Third Man, The Godfather, Star Trek Original Series Seasons 1 – 3, The Wizard of Oz, and Pinocchio. Remastering classic movies in 4K not only preserves the cinematic heritage for the new generation but also make movies look better than the past.